Monday, October 29, 2018

National Security : Importance of having Cyber Security.

India is connected to the World through Land.  We have Indian Army.

India is connected to the World through Air/Sky.  We have Indian Air Force.

India is connected to the World through Sea.  We have Indian Navy.

India is connected to the World through Telecom.  We need Indian Cyber Security.

-  -  -  -  -

Telecom Service:  Mobile Network, Landline, Internet, DTH, Radio, etc.  
Mobile Network Service for Devices:  Mobile, Smartphone, Tab, Computer (Desktop, Laptop, etc.), Dongle, GPS, etc.  
DTH (Direct-To-Home) TV Services:  Cable TV, Dish TV, DTH, TV Set-top Box, etc.  
Radio:  AM, FM, Amateur (HAM), etc.  

Monday, July 23, 2018

Request for TRAI : Common Issues with Telecom Services

Save Environment


::  Request for TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India) about Common Issues  ::  

*) Request #1 for Requirement of minimizing MNP (Mobile Number Portability) lock-in time to 1 Day. :  
AADHAAR registered Mobile number is very important for many Secured (Bank, OTP, etc.) services.  MNP lock-in time need to be minimized from 90 days to 1 day, without UPC Code.  Because, if Telecom service is stopped (or shutdown), it may be very difficult (or not possible) to do MNP process.  Now, 'Telecom Service Provider (TSP)' is issuing new SIM/eSIM with eAADHAAR/eKYC Authentication.  So, UPC Code concept may not be required as part of MNP process.
SIM Ex:  GSM     
eSIM Ex:  CDMA     
vSIM:  Virtual SIM

*) Request #2 for Requirement of Device compatibility service. :  
Advice 'Device Manufacturer' and 'Telecom Service Provider' for Device compatibility service.  

For Mobile Network Services 2G/3G/4G/5G  GSM/CDMA/LTE/VOLTE are part of Network (Bandwidth) Settings and are related to Speed.  
LED/OLED/QLED/4K screen and SD/HD/FHD/QHD/UHD are part of the Audio and Video (enhancement Software) Settings.  
The width/weight (and size) of the Device can be reduced for thin/trim, with PCB (Printed Circuit Board) Technology.  

People need not to buy the new device all the time.    

Similarly, for DTH TV Services also, Device compatibility service is possible.  

Issues with updating the Network Settings or Software for a Device:
-> Scenario 1: In the following situations, the 'Device Manufacturer' / 'Telecom Service Provider' is asking to buy the new Device; 'without updating the Network Settings' or 'without updating the Software even though latest (customized) compatible software is available', for the existing Device: 
  - When Telecom Customer is moving from one 'Telecom Service Provider' to other 'Telecom Service Provider', with/without MNP process. 
  - By deactivating the existing Device.  
  - By creating issues in the existing Device.  
  - By saying 'latest (customized) compatible software is not available'.  
  - By saying 'Spare parts are not available'.   
-> Scenario 2: In the following situations, the 'Device Manufacturer' / 'Telecom Service Provider' is asking to exchange the existing Device for new Device with additional cost; 'without updating the Network Settings' or 'without updating the Software even though latest (customized) compatible software is available', for the existing Device: 
  - By deactivating the existing Device.  
  - By creating issues in the existing Device.  
  - By saying 'latest (customized) compatible software is not available'.  
  - By saying 'Spare parts are not available'.   
This is similar to buying a new Device.
-> Scenario 3: In some other situations, the Device Manufacturer is not allowing to update the software by locking it with customized software, even though the latest (customized) compatible software is available.  

These scenarios are applicable for Computers (Desktop, Laptop, etc.) also.

And also, the new Devices are not giving the speed/efficiency 'as per' or 'near to' specifications; and these are very expensive.  
Other than to all this, Guaranty/Warranty limitations.  After Guaranty/Warranty, the spare part charges are very expensive.

Device compatibility service is possible with Network Settings or Software update.  
People can buy or exchange for the new Device based on their feasibility/wish/passion.  It should not be as a mandatory process.     

We can minimize e-Waste with Device compatibility service. 

*) Request #3 for Free Device Repair/Replacement Service for the continuation of paid Services, in case of Service interruption.:
As of now, 'Telecom Service Provider' is providing Telecom Service for the Devices (Dongle, DTH, etc.), by selling the Device at initial stage of the Service.  Then, Telecom Customer is paying for the continuation of the Service.  
When the Telecom Service is getting interrupted for the reasons of Device damage/upgradation, 'Telecom Service Provider' is asking to buy the new Device.  These kind of Service interruptions are not due to negligence of Telecom Customer towards handling the Device.  
As Telecom Customer is paying for the continuation of the Service, 'Telecom Service Provider' must provide Free Device Repair/Replacement Service, for any Service interrupted reasons.  

*) Request #4 for Requirement of a default/basic/base Plan. :  
Advice 'Telecom Service Provider' to make a default/basic/base Plan with Tele charges (for Call/SMS/Internet), based on consumption but not based on Validity.  Because, Recharge validity due-dates are getting completed/expired, in case of the following Service issues.  
-> Abnormal Internet disconnections.
-> Very slow Internet.
-> (Some of the) Apps work very slowly.
-> Call drops; Lack of Voice clarity in Calls; and Voice breaking in Calls. 
-> Network Busy. 
-> Signal points Up & Down.  Weak Signal.  
-> Service is interrupted/break-down.
-> Service is not provided.  

In the proposed default/basic/base Plan, 
-> Free Incoming.
-> Free Roaming. 
-> Call charges need to be Second pulse rate, i.e., at least 1 Paisa per Second.  
-> Internet charges are very high, if the Internet Data is consumed (without Validity) from Main account balance; when it is compared to separate 'Internet Data Plan Recharge (with Validity)'.  The variation is due to the charges are calculated '(without Validity) from Main account balance' in KB, and '(with Validity) from Plan Recharge' in GB.  
-> SMS charges are also very high, if it is consumed (without Validity) from Main account balance; when it is compared to separate 'SMS Plan Recharge (with Validity)'.  
Thus, the Tele charges (for Call/SMS/Internet) need to be revised, for the proposed default/basic/base Plan. 

For DTH TV Services also, the default/basic/base Plan is based on consumption but not based on Validity.  Because, Recharge validity due-dates are getting completed/expired, in case of the following Service issues.  
-> Signal not available due to Rain, Video hanging, etc.   
-> Video distractions/hanging.  Lack of Video/Voice clarity.  
-> (Some of the) Channels are not having Video/Voice clarity.
-> TV Channels are making more cuts while telecasting decent Movies.  
-> Displaying Blank Screen.  
-> Displaying 'Not Subscribed' error message for Subscribed and 'Free To Air (FTA)' Channels.
-> Service is interrupted/break-down.  
-> Electricity failures.  
-> Service is not provided.  
Other than these issues, making many restrictions (with many Plans and then many more Add-Ons) in charges for one Service.  
As of now, People can watch only one channel for one TV/Device at a time, but, have to face many complications for that.  
TV channels get profits from Sponsors and Advertisements.  
Thus, the charges need to be revised, for the proposed default/basic/base Plan.

*) Request #5 to Create value for the Prepaid Recharge (with Validity Plan), by extending the Validity, instead of updating it. :
Issues with the Prepaid 'Recharges with Validity'. :  
-> Balance is getting lapsed, in case the Recharge is not done within 'Validity Expired/Due Date'.
-> If the Recharge is done earlier (before 'Validity Due Date'), the remaining Validity days are lapsed.   
Due to these issues, either Balance or ‘Validity Time’ are affected.  Both are valuable parameters as part of the Service.
Issue Resolution :  If the Recharge is done on or before 'Validity Due Date', it is a great idea to add the Validity time from the 'Validity Due Date' instead of 'Present Date'.  
For example, today date is 5-JAN-2018; and the Recharge validity due date is 10-JAN-2018.  If Recharge is done today, the validity recharge/extension date need to be considered from 11-JAN-2018, instead of today date.  If Recharged is done after due date (suppose 15-JAN-2018), the validity recharge date need to be considered from the same date (i.e., 15-JAN-2018).  Additional Info

‘Plan Renewal’ can be Automatic based on ‘Telecom Customer subscription for Auto-Plan-Renewal for the required Plan (i.e., same Plan by default..... or..... any other Plan by choice)’ and ‘Main Account Balance availability’.  Grace time period is helpful for Telecom Customer to take decision about the Plan change or to stop the Auto-Plan-Renewal process.  

Combo plans are very helpful for Telecom Customers. 

-  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

Mobile Network Service for Devices:  Mobile, Smartphone, Tab, Computer (Desktop, Laptop, etc.), Dongle, GPS, etc.  
DTH TV Services:  Cable TV, Dish TV, DTH, TV Set-top Box, etc.  

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Prevention of Air/Earth/Water Pollution, with Clean and Clear Greenery Renewable/Recyclable process.

Save Environment

::  Prevention of Air/Earth/Water Pollution, with Clean and Clear Greenery Renewable/Recyclable process.  ::

-> Garbage Collection and Cleaning Centers  :  Area-wise
- Wet/Dry/Electronics/Medical waste collection at centers.
- Arrange street-wise bin-drums for Wet/Dry; and Monitor their location for/and clearance, with Technology.
- Separate bins for Medical waste at/near Clinics/Hospitals.
- Door-to-door waste collection at specific time.
- Monitor the streets; and Clean them.
- Hygienic Process (Equipment, Machinery and Methods) for Cleaners, to protect them from Dust and harmful Insects. :
 Dress (Gloves, Mask, Fragrancy-Coat, etc.); 
 Wheel-Carts; e-Carts; 
 Waste picking sticks;
 Vacuum Cleaners;
 Drainage clearing devices;  etc.
- Bio-toilets for every 2 KMs in the Village/Town/City. 
- Challenges: Cleaning Drinking Water Pipelines without any interruption.

-> Garbage processing methods  ::  Extracting Natural (Renewable/Recyclable) Resources from Waste. 
- Dry Waste and e-Waste: Metals, Glass, Plastic, Rubber, Crystals, Paper, Cloth, Thread, Mica, Wax, Wood, etc.  
 Here, Metals are Steel, Aluminum, Copper, Iron, Tin, Bronze, Brass, Nickel, Zinc, Mercury, Silver, Gold, etc.
- Wet Waste: Biofuel, Food for Animals, Organic compost for Cultivation, etc.
- Benefits: Save Time and Money, with Renewable process.

-> Underground Tanks with Cement/Clay rings to improve Ground Water. :
- Arranging 'Rainwater harvesting' tank(s) in every Building/Farmland, and at all (Street) Roads; based on Waterflow.
 Precautions: Verification may be required frequently, to clean and clear the dust in tank(s).
 Benefits: Improves the Ground water.  Water may not stay on Roads after Rains.

-> Greenery:
- 'Plantation' in every Building; and beside to all (Street) Roads.  Type of Tree is based on space availability.  Trees would be much more stronger, if 'Rainwater harvesting' is available nearby.  They may grow by themselves. 
- To save Trees while doing construction of Buildings, Road/Metro/Rail ways and Bridges, etc.; make the plan without removing them.  If it is necessary, relocate them safely in a systematic way, instead of vanishing.   
- Trees Benefits:
 Purify Air and Ground.
 Give Cool Air forever.
 Produce Food, Medicine and Fragrance; for People, Birds, and Animals.
 Provide shelter for Birds.
 Help in making Biofuel and many more items.
 Absorb Rainy Water to improve Ground Water.
 Save Environment from Floods.  etc.

-> Beware of Plastic:
- Prevention of Plastic usage for Food and Drinking Water storage.  The alternative ways can be
 Cloth bags; 
 Paper bags/boxes/covers; 
 Glass/'Metal(Steel/Copper)' bottles/boxes/cans; 
 Metallic/Glassy foil sheets for Food items;
 Overhead Tanks with Internal Metallic/Glassy layer;  etc.  
- The 'Thinner and Smaller' Plastic is highly harmful for Nature and Animals.
- Challenges: Making best Metallic/Glassy foil sheets in place of Plastic, for Food and Drinking Water storage.

Friday, August 4, 2017

Telecom is a basic need for everyone. A dream of strong and secured Telecom Network with eternal benefits.....

Save Environment


Telecom is a basic need for everyone.  
A dream of strong and secured Telecom Network with eternal benefits.....

-> Secure Telecom connection (for Mobile/TAB/Laptop/Dongle/Landline) by linking with AADHAAR.  The benefits would be,   
- Caller ID: Prevention of fake Call/SMS:  'Telecom Service Provider' can display 'Caller Name & Number'.
- Customer Care Number ('Bank to Customer' or 'Customer to Bank'):  Single Customer Care Toll-free Phone Number for each Bank, from fixed series of numbers.  For example, starts from 1000 ends to 2000.  The same number can be eMail ID also.
- Investment (Mutual Fund, Fixed Deposit, etc.) based Free Telecom Services for AADHAAR holders.  
- Customer can get details of Helpline (Telecom Service Provider, Police, Bank, Rail, Hospital, Fire, Bus, etc.).
- Minimizes the documentation with AADHAAR authentication.  Customer can take new Telecom connection at different 'Telecom Service Providers' (Shop/Online).
- Customer Profile at TRAI premises can make the things better.  Any 'Telecom Service Provider' can initiate the process.
- TRAI can send mail/message to Customer by informing about the numbers that are linked with AADHAAR.  Customer can know the number of Telecom Numbers that are linked with AADHAAR, with a Missed Call service.
- 'Telecom Service Provider' can get the basic details of 'Customer Profile (Name, Address, eMail, Primary Mobile, etc.)' from AADHAAR.  In case of any change, Customer would update these details at one place, i.e., AADHAAR.  Later, the changes would be reflected at all other places automatically.
- Customer can request for transfer/deactivate/delink the Telecom Number from AADHAAR for different purposes.  This process need to be implemented in proper way to avoid risk.    
transfer: Telecom Number is transferable.  Customer may want to give the device (with number) to known people. 
deactivate: Customer may want to minimize the devices/numbers. 
delink:  Unknown number is identified.
- Caution: For successful OTP/Bank transactions, make sure that the 'Primary Mobile Number is linked with AADHAAR', and it is up to date, for all.  

-> Improving Communication Network Ways  ::  Satellite, Towers, Dish, Landline (Optical Fiber), WiFi, etc. 
- Same Communication Network Ways can be used for all 'Telecom Service Providers'.  The benefits are as follows:
- Strong network can be possible with less number of communication points.  i.e., Instead of installing separate Towers/Landline by 'Telecom Service Providers', same BSNL Towers/Landline (including Receivers, Transformers, Transponders, etc.) can be used for all 'Telecom Service Providers'.  It was implemented successfully in many countries.  
- Maximum cost-cutting for all 'Telecom Service Providers'.  Maximum benefit for all 'Telecom Service Providers' and 'Telecom Customers'.    
- With the combination of Remote (Satellite, Towers, Dish, WiFi, etc.) and Landline (underground Optical Fiber, Towers, WiFi, etc.) facilities, the Network would be strong, even though, in Nature disaster (Cyclone, Heavy Rains, Floods, Storms, Earthquake, etc.) situations. 
- Tower (UPS) can be equipped with additional Solar/Wind Electricity.  Try to make Trees around Towers, to prevent damages due to Storms.  Temporary/Mobile Towers can be installed in emergency situations.
- Landline (Optical Fiber) can provide WiFi for all Telecom needs.
- If an Institute/Building is having Landline (Optical Fiber), Tower and Dish connectivity; that Institute/Building will have the stable communication network forever.
- Telecom 'Remote and Landline' devices can work as multiplexer, to provide Uninterrupted Strong Communication Network.
- In case of (Remote/Landline) Network breakdown, the risk/issues can be rectified without any inconvenience.
- Network tampering conflicts between 'Telecom Service Providers' can be avoided.  
- Prevention of Air Pollution.  The Radiation effect can be minimized drastically.
- Prevention of Unauthorized Communication Network. Ex: Virus, Hackers, Cyber-Terrorism, Cyber Crime, etc.
- Additional features (Radio, DTH, Wireless Electricity, etc.) can be added to entire Communication Network.

-> Green Energy: Wireless Electricity Benefits:  
- Finding different ways to create Wireless Electricity; through Solar, Wind, Mechanical, Light, Water, Ocean, Satellites, Space Stations, Planets, etc. 
- 'Electrical & Electronic' devices can work well.
- Vehicles can run without fuel.  
eVehicles/eDevices can get recharged themselves all the time, automatically, for uninterrupted service.  
- Prevention of Power failures due to cable breakdown/damages.
- It is possible to minimize the pollution; even though, abolish it completely by recycling the air.

-> Easy Administration Task: Security, Upgrade, Update, Append new features, Monitoring, Load balancing, Maintenance, Research, Management, etc.

-> Target: 
- Rs.1/- per day for Calls/SMS/Internet.
- 100% 'Simple & Safe & Secure & Strong' Telecom Network.
- 100% Digital India.  100% Electricity.

-> Challenges: World Telecom

Friday, July 28, 2017

Health Tip: Homemade Medicated Soup: To get relief from Cold and Cough.

Health Tip: Homemade Medicated Soup:  To get relief from Cold and Cough.

->  In a Cup of Water, add ingredients (Ginger, Onion and a tiny of Turmeric).
->  Place it in Cooker along with other vessels, as a regular cooking.
->  Later, take the Water separately, add Lemon and Honey to it; and have it as a warm Soup.
->  No side effects.

Kudos to Dr. Sagar C P (M: 9880213633).
Clinic, Ground Floor, SBI Building, Vijaya Bank Layout Petrol Station - RTO Road, Bilekahalli, Bengaluru - 560 076.

Thursday, July 20, 2017

LEDs (Automatic & Manual Functionalities) :: Auto LED Street lights after Sunlight.


LEDs (Auto & Manual Functionalities) :: Auto LED Street lights after Sunlight.

-> Street lights ON automatically at Night always.

-> Technology: LED + Solar Panels with Built-in Rechargeable Battery + Advanced Technology (Light Detector, Motion Detector, WiFi, Wireless Electricity, etc.).  

-> Solar Panels can be fixed to Electricity Poles, Transformer compound, Bus Stops, Pubic Parks, Public Parking Places, Lake beds, Canals, ets.  The entire system can be connected to GRID to save excess Electricity.  But, independent solar-lamps are helpful in some specific scenarios (i.e., Rains/Floods, GRID failures, Rural areas without GRID connectivity, etc.).

-> Electricity usage at generation & Excess transportation: 
- This process can save Electricity loss, while transportation.  
- This process avoids land allocation separately.
- To avoid water evaporation, Solar panels can be arranged at Lakes/Canals/Rivers, those are in high temperature locations.
- Solar Panels can be fixed to (Educational/Residential/Commercial) Buildings.  Easy loan facility can be provided to encourage people.
- Easy maintenance.

-> Technology is helpful to 
- Street lights 'Light detection process' works at specific Night time (for example, between 5 PM to 7 AM).  
- Street lights ON entire Night, with Light detector. 
- monitor/maintain LED lights (ON/OFF/Validity). 
- enable/disable Motion detector.  Motion detector is helpful to light ON based on 'human movement', at odd times (between 11 PM to 4 AM).  Due to this, lights ON automatically around certain radius of human movement in street roads (straight/perpendicular/cross).  
     Drawback: Too many light-flickers can damage the Bulbs.  
     Challenges: Making accessories to overcome the drawback.  
     Solution 1:  The intensity of light can be increased/reduced gradually to overcome this issue.  
- update software; and to add additional features like WiFi, Wireless Electricity, etc.  

-> Maintenance of Street Lights would be more easy with Wireless Electricity.

-> Save Electricity.  Saving Electricity is nothing but producing Electricity.

Friday, July 7, 2017

United Nations :: A Step towards Global Equality

World Currency Value
1 ARS = 1 AUD = 1 BGN = 1 BRL = 1 BYN = 1 CAD = 1 CHF = 1 CLP = 1 COP = 1 CRC = 1 CZK = 1 DKK = 1 DOP = 1 GBP = 1 GTQ = 1 HKD = 1 HNL = 1 HRK = 1 HUF = 1 IDR = 1 ILS = 1 INR = 1 JPY = 1 KGS = 1 KRW = 1 KZT = 1 MXN = 1 MYR = 1 NIO = 1 NOK = 1 NZD = 1 PAB = 1 PEN = 1 PHP = 1 PLN = 1 RON = 1 RUB = 1 SEK = 1 SGD = 1 THB = 1 TRY = 1 TTD = 1 TWD = 1 UAH = 1 USD = 1 UYI = 1 UZS = 1 VEF = 1 VND = 1 ZAR

Benefits (Internationally) 

-> Peace

-> Govt:
Global Leaders/Mentors.
Taxation would be simplified.  
Making availability of Resources.
Fast growth in Technology/Reformation/Innovations.
Making ease of International Business Facilities.
100% Digital World.
Improves Accountability.

-> Social:
Dance, Music. 

-> Business: 
Ease of International Business.
Best Quality Products (Imports & Exports) for lesser Price, due to International Business.
Prevention of duplicate/fake products.
Reaching People.

-> Security: 
Prevention of Corruption/Fraud/Illegal/Scam/Crime/Cyber-Crime activities.
Prevention of Hawala/Smuggling/Human-trafficking/Unmedicative-drugs/Hacking.
Prevention of National/International Threats/Terror/Cyber-Terrorism.
Prevention of fake Currency.